Yale First Nation Final Agreement Act

October 17, 2021

The Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs has delegated the authority to administer the Act and its regulations to the Minister of the Environment for national park lands (PC 1989-539). Following Canada`s passage of legislation ratifying the Yale First Nations Final Agreement, the parties are required to conduct and conduct various activities to prepare for the effective date of the agreement. For example, Canada and British Columbia must complete the legal transactions required to transfer ownership of provincial Crown lands (in the case of British Columbia) and Indian reserves (in the case of Canada) identified in the Final Agreement to Yale First Nation. Since 1973, 24 comprehensive land claims and two independent self-government agreements have been concluded and are being implemented across Canada. Of the 24 applications completed, 18 contained self-government provisions. Second, Canada will explore options to improve access to other tools outside of the negotiation process that address Indigenous rights and promote Indigenous economic development and self-sufficiency. If it is not possible to agree in a timely manner, there would be other options to meet the aspirations of Aboriginal communities. The status quo is not sustainable. Currently, it can wait up to 30 years before finalizing an agreement that creates financial liabilities for Indigenous groups, leaves them with significant debt and hinders economic development. It has also produced a trading industry that has no incentive to reach an agreement. For this reason, Aboriginal groups, provinces and the private sector have long called for a more efficient and effective process.

Modern treaties and self-government agreements bring many economic benefits to Aboriginal communities and all Canadians. By signing a final agreement with British Columbia and Yale First Nation, Canada is achieving certainty about the rights and title claimed by the Yale First Nation in British Columbia. In addition, the Yale First Nation Final Agreement will integrate the Yale community into the local and regional economy through provisions that require comparable standards and taxes. By clarifying the roles and responsibilities of the parties, the likelihood of litigation is reduced and the business climate is improved, opening the door to new investments. The Canadian Constitution recognizes and confirms the existing rights and title of Aboriginal people. However, in the absence of a contract, there is uncertainty as to the nature, scope and content of these rights. A negotiated agreement is a constructive way to address these issues and prefer them to litigation. .

Become a Member

Being an ESSA member means to be active part of a vivid and growing multi-disciplinary community, obtain benefits and discounts to participate to annual ESSA meetings, promote your research to a wide audience and find collaboration opportunities. Annual fees are 50 € for tenured academics, postdoctoral students, practitioners and public/private organisation employees and 30 € for under, postgraduate and PhD students. Membership is administered through Wild Apricot.

Become a member Join us Renew your membership Support Essa and renew your annual fee
Institutional Members

© 2015-2021 European Social Simulation Association (ESSA).