“The Minsk trio must learn a lesson from this process, especially France. Even after the ceasefire, biased statements are made,” he said. The agreement, aimed at ending the conflict between the two nations, was signed by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan. Since the conflict began in September, several ceasefire agreements have been signed between the two sides, but none have yet been successful. Azerbaijan`s President Ilham Aliyev hailed the agreement as a victory for his country and a defeat for Armenia, and said Baku`s military success was aimed at taking the upper hand to end three decades of occupation of its territory. President Putin said the agreement would involve an exchange of prisoners of war, while removing “all economic and transport contacts.” Armenia will “pay the price” if it violates the recent peace agreement and ceasefire agreement with Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the head of Turkish diplomacy said on Thursday. The Nagorno-Karabakh ceasefire agreement in 2020 is a ceasefire agreement that ended the Nagorno-Karabakh war in 2020. Signed on 9 November by Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, Prime Minister Nikol Pachinjan and Russian President Vladimir Putin, it ended all hostilities in the Nagorno-Karabakh region from 00:00, 10 November 2020 Moscow time.   The President of the self-declared Artsakh Republic, Arayik Harutyunyan, also agreed to the end of hostilities.  As part of the agreement, Azerbaijan will retain Nagorno-Karabakh territories and surrounding areas captured during the conflict. It also calls on the Armenian armed forces to cede certain areas outside the borders of Nagorno-Karabakh, including the eastern district of Agdam and the western area of Kalbacar. Armenians will also lose the Lachin region, where an important road connects Nagorno-Karabakh to Armenia.
The agreement provides that a five-kilometre zone in the Lachin Corridor remains open and protected by about 2,000 Russian peacekeepers. The agreement also requires Russian border services to monitor a new transport corridor through Armenia, linking Azerbaijan to its western enclave of Naxcivan, surrounded by Armenia, Iran and Turkey. As of 10 November 2020, Russian troops and armaments, which were to be a peacekeeping force under the agreement, are expected to enter the Nagorno-Karabakh region.  The force was reportedly airlifted to Armenia prior to the signing of the agreement.  On 12 November, the Russian force consisted mainly of personnel from the 15th Motor Rifle Brigade, which had entered Stepanakert and began deploying observation posts throughout the region.  Aliyev also stated that Turkey, a close ally of Baku, would participate in the peacekeeping centre to oversee the ceasefire. Since the fighting began on 27 September, several thousand people have reportedly been killed on both sides. Three ceasefire agreements failed as soon as they came into force.
However, zoom in now and, while the Azeri can rightly celebrate a return to their homes, from which they were driven out 30 years ago, the risks to the Armenian people as a whole could not be greater. By signing the ceasefire agreement, Armenia agreed to gradually return the territories of Baku occupied militarily around Karabakh since the 1990s.