Peace has endured since the signing of the Dayton Accords. Appendix 4 of the General Framework Agreement remains the Constitution for Bosnia and Herzegovina and remains the basis of the current political divisions of Bosnia and Herzegovina and its governmental structure. The agreement also laid the groundwork for NATO military action in Kosovo in 1999, which has since led to the province`s independence. Serbian leader Miloévié was arrested for war crimes and died of natural causes during his trial in 2006. Donald Horowitz, one of the leading experts in ethnic conflict studies, points out that it is often true that the majority population is more dissatisfied with ethnic power-sharing systems than minorities, at least in Northern Ireland, Belgium and Bosnia. It is not surprising that minorities appreciate the guarantees against majority rules, which are formally anchored in Dayton-style agreements. The most serious threat to peace signed this week comes from the Bosnian Serbs, who not only publicly denounced the agreement, but privately refused to open either the map or the military annexes to the long and complex agreement. It was only a few minutes before the announcement of the peace agreement that the Bosnian Serbs were stunned in the delegation when they saw that they had lost the suburbs of Sarajevo and that they were commanding heights they defended during the siege. Academics` views on the Dayton Accords are very divided. Was it an ingenious advance whose framework was to be used in other contemporary conflicts, especially in the Middle East? Or was it a useful but deeply flawed instrument, whose problems include minimal cooperation between its units and an excessively decentralized system of governance, co-responsible for the erosion of the rule of law? The Bosnian Serbs were originally opposed to Dayton`s constitutional structures – but they themselves have now managed to support them.
In all ethnic groups, a minority – only 28% – say they voted definitively or probably against Dayton in 2013. Bosnian Serbs say seven times more often that they would vote in favour of the agreement than against it. On October 13, 1997, the Croatian right-wing party in 1861 and the right-wing Party Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1861 asked the Constitutional Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina to overturn several decisions and uphold a decision of the Supreme Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina and, more importantly, to verify the constitutionality of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina, given that it was claimed , the agreement violates the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina in a way that undermines the integrity of the state and could lead to the dissolution of Bosnia and Herzegovina.