What Is the 1949 Armistice Agreement Line

December 20, 2020

March 23, 1954: The Israeli government severes all ties with the Joint Armistice Commission. It also suspended its participation in meetings of local commanders provided for in a separate Israeli-Jordanian agreement. Israeli communications relating to alleged violations of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement by Jordan were addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations with a request to transmit them to the members of the Security Council. The Chief of Staff of the Jerusalem Ceasefire Monitoring Organization was informed of these alleged violations of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement only after receiving a copy of the New York Security Council document. The lack of cooperation from the Israeli government prevented the investigation into these alleged violations in accordance with the provisions of the Comprehensive Ceasefire Agreement. The 1949 Armistice Accords are a series of agreements signed in 1949 between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. The Palestinians were not involved in the delineation of the Green Line and rejected UN Security Council 242 on the grounds that it did not demand an independent Palestinian state and called them refugees. Since 1976, most elements of the PLO have accepted the pre-June 1967 line as the basis for the establishment of a Palestinian state. [25] From August to September 2005, Israel implemented a unilateral withdrawal plan in which the entire Jewish population of the Gaza Strip was evacuated. In 2006, Ehud Olmert proposed a convergence plan that called on Israel to unilaterally withdraw from much of the West Bank (east of the line) if necessary.

The Israel-Lebanon GAA was established on September 23. It was signed in 1949 by Lieutenant Colonel Mordekhai Makleff for Israel and Lieutenant Colonel Tawfiq Salim for Lebanon in Raʾs Naqura. Israeli forces, which had withdrawn from the parts of southern Lebanon they occupied in the summer of 1948, agreed to establish armistice demarcation lines along the former international borders, bringing more stability to Israeli-Lebanese relations for more than two decades. However, after the “Black September” of 1970, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the various Palestinian guerrilla groups moved the site of their operations from Jordan to the refugee camps in Lebanon, making the Israeli-Lebanese border a recurring battlefield. Israel attacked and briefly occupied southern Lebanon in March 1978 and again in June 1982. Israel failed to push Lebanon into a peace agreement after the 1982 invasion, and the border region remained marked by increased instability for nearly two decades; the presence of a United Nations special force (UNIFIL) has hardly changed the situation. The final withdrawal of Israeli forces from southern Lebanon in 2000 marked the return of relative calm to that area. In the absence of an alternative binding agreement, the 1949 Israel-Lebanon GAA remains the only legal instrument governing relations between the two countries.

On January 6, 1949, Dr. Ralph Bunche announced that Egypt had finally agreed to begin talks with Israel on an armistice. Talks began on January 12 on the Greek island of Rhodes. Shortly after its creation, Israel agreed to the release of an Egyptian brigade besieged in Falujah, but quickly revoked its agreement. [5] At the end of the month, the talks broke down. Israel has called on Egypt to withdraw all its forces from the former Mandatory Territory of Palestine. [Citation needed] Egypt has insisted that arab forces withdraw to the positions they occupied on 14 October 1948, in accordance with Security Council resolution S/1070 of 4 November 1948, and that Israeli forces withdraw to positions north of the Majdal-Hebron road. The agreement with Lebanon was signed on March 23, 1949. [2] The main points were: April 22, 1953, a fire broke out at sunset inside Jerusalem along the demarcation line for a length of about 4 kilometers. It took two hours for the ceasefire agreed by the United Nations observers to enter into force. The next day, there was sniping early in the morning and in the afternoon.

There were twenty Jordanian casualties – ten dead and ten wounded. Six Israelis were wounded. .

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